The first car races
By the early 20th century, by 1900 The Races had currently gone across the Atlantic, The Gordon Bennett Cup was an annual race that drew in international vehicle drivers and also in which each nation can register approximately three cars and trucks. Following the role of Bennett, the millionaire William Kissam Vanderbilt II launched the Vanderbilt Cup in the States. Notably, in Long Island, New York City, 1904.
The Fatality Race (Paris-Madrid) of 1903 marked a milestone in the background, long distances between two large cities, and, on the open road, with several phases. In this case it was Paris-Bordeaux, Bordeaux-Vitoria as well as Vitoria-Madrid, with a total amount of 1.307 kilometers Participants famous: Marcel as well as Louis Renault, Charles S. Rolls, who later on established Rolls Royce; Vincenzo Lancia or Fernand Gabriel, that on a Mors Z, covered the 552 km in between Paris and Bordeaux to more than 105 km/h on average.
The initial Grand Prix
The abundant rewards originated from 1906, the first, and back then, the only race to lug the Grand Prix name was organized by the French Auto Club (CAF), as well as competed two days in June. The track that operated on the circuit located in Le Mans had an overall size per lap of 105 km and also not too simple. The individuals needed to go six laps each day. Of the 32 participants, standing for 12 different automobile producers, the one that won this 1,260 km race was the Hungarian Ferenc Szisz (1873-1944) at the wheel of a Renault.
Each nation organized its very own races, without a formal Champion connecting them to every other. The rules differed depending on the country, although they were regulated based on the optimum weight of the cars and truck to limit the power (the ten or 15-liter engines were quite common, and also, generally, the optimum of cylinders was 4, creating a power of 50 HP). All bolides had a mechanic aboard, and nobody was enabled to repair or deal with the cars and truck, other than the vehicle and also the pilot himself.
The instinct for the competition is intrinsic to the human being and it only needs to have a reason to bring it to light. One of these pretexts came in 1875 with the first car powered by an internal combustion engine and attributed to Siegfried Marcus (of Austrian nationality but German by birth). A decade later, Carl Benz would begin to popularize and promote the development of automobiles. The speed with which this took place, aided also by the Gottlieb Daimler and August Otto engines, and the enthusiasm that was beginning to arouse novelty among the population of different countries, led to the need to create some kind of competition that would show which was the fastest car.
Thus, on July 22, 1894, “the horse-less carriage race” was held, in which, in addition to a 127-kilometer route between Paris and Rouen, other aspects would be valued to choose the winner of this first race in history: that the vehicle was simple to drive, as cheaply as possible, that it did not need a mechanic to operate and that it met minimum safety requirements.
It is worth noting the epic character of the test-hence it did not only matter who arrived before the finish line – taking into account the conditions of the roads of the time and of the vehicles themselves, which on many occasions, but could also hardly remain more than 5 minutes started.
Of the 21 cars that took out 13 already had combustion engines, which shows the big showcase that was the event for manufacturers of the size of Daimler or Benz. However, the fastest vehicle to complete the route fitted a steam engine. Driven by the Marquis De Dion and his mechanic, George Bouton, it took them six hours and 48 minutes to reach Rouen.